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 PostPosted: Mon Feb 13, 2006 8:14 am    Post subject: Négociation à Paris sur le Karabakh: echec ! Reply with quote Back to top

Karabakh : Communiqué de presse de l’OSCE sur les négociations de Rambouillet

samedi 11 février 2006
http://www.armenews.com/article.php3?id_article=20807

"Malgré d’intenses discussions, les positions des parties sur certains principes sensibles sont demeurées identiques à ce qu’elles avaient été au cours des derniers mois", indique un communiqué du Groupe de Minsk (Russie, France, Etats-Unis) de l’Organisation pour la coopération et la sécurité en Europe (OSCE).

"Cependant les présidents, qui ont hautement apprécié le processus en cours, ont donné instruction à leurs ministres, assistés des coprésidents (du groupe de Minsk), d’explorer de nouvelles voies en vue d’un futur règlement", poursuit le communiqué, sans plus de précisions.

Les médiateurs russe, français et américain "se réuniront à Washington début mars pour des consultations entre leurs trois pays, pour examiner les modalités de leurs futures discussions avec les ministres", conclut le communiqué.

Le communiqué ne précise pas si les présidents Robert Kotcharian (Arménie) et Ilham Aliev (Azerbaïdjan) ont rejeté, totalement ou partiellement, le scénario proposé par l’OSCE.

Ce dernier prévoyait un retrait graduel des forces arméniennes des territoires azerbaïdjanais occupés et un vote, dans un avenir indéterminé, sur le statut futur du Nagorny Karabakh.
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 PostPosted: Mon Feb 13, 2006 8:16 am    Post subject: Sur quoi les négociations ont échoué Reply with quote Back to top

Karabakh : les négociations de Rambouillet s’achèvent sur un échec

samedi 11 février 2006

http://www.armenews.com/article.php3?id_article=20796

Les présidents de l’Arménie et de l’Azerbaïdjan ont clos samedi des négociations de deux jours près de Paris sur l’enclave disputée du Nagorny Karabakh sans parvenir à poser les bases d’un règlement négocié.

"Il n’y a pas eu d’accord. Nous allons examiner le résultat de Rambouillet et voir où nous allons à partir de là", a déclaré le médiateur américain Steven Mann.

Robert Kotcharian et Ilham Aliev avaient repris samedi matin vers 10h leurs négociations entamées la veille sur le sort du Nagorny Karabakh.

Les chefs de la diplomatie des deux pays, l’Arménien Vartan Oskanian et l’Azerbaïdjanais Elmar Mamadiarov s’étaient d’abord entretenus samedi matin avec les médiateurs américains, russes et français, avant que les présidents ne reprennent leurs entretiens.

Après des entretiens avec les médiateurs russes, américains et français, les deux présidents s’étaient déjà entretenus en tête à tête pendant deux heures vendredi soir à Rambouillet.

La télévision arménienne faisait état d’une ambiance tendue au début des discussions. Le quotidien azerbaïdjanais "Arkolo" rapportait pour sa part que les deux présidents envisageaient d’établir une déclaration de principes jetant les bases d’un futur accord.

Selon une source proche des négociations "il n’y a pas de grands progrès parce que les deux parties sont restées sur leurs positions" ajoutant toutefois que "les deux présidents ont toutefois demandé à leurs ministres des Affaires étrangères de poursuivre des discussions avec le Groupe de Minsk (Russie, France, Etats-Unis)".

Les négociations auraient achoppé sur le futur statut du Haut-Karabakh et la question du retrait ou non des forces arméniennes de la région frontalière de Kelbajar.
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 PostPosted: Mon Feb 13, 2006 8:21 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Report: Azerbaijan rules out concession on Nagorno-Karabakh status

AP Worldstream; Feb 12, 2006


Azerbaijan's foreign minister ruled out any compromise on the
territorial status of the ethnic Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh,
after internationally-brokered peace talks ended in failure, an
Azerbaijani television channel reported Sunday.

Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov said that Azerbaijan's insistence
on its territorial integrity and the return to Nagorno-Karabakh of
Azerbaijani refugees were the two main sticking points at the talks
outside Paris, according to the private ANS channel.

"Azerbaijan will not make any concessions on the question of
territorial integrity," the TV network quoted him as saying.

The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan failed to reach agreement
Saturday after two days of intense negotiations on how to end the
bloody conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh.

The 18-year dispute, in which at least 30,000 people have been killed
and 1 million made refugees, has affected stability throughout the
strategic and oil-rich Caucasus region.

International mediators said Armenian President Robert Kocharian and
Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliev made little progress during their
one-on-one, closed-door negotiations at a wooded chateau in
Rambouillet, south of Paris, a favored site for international peace
talks.

The sticking points were the future status of Nagorno-Karabakh and
whether Armenian forces would withdraw from the border area of
Kelbajar to make way for international peacekeepers, said a source
close to the discussions, speaking on condition of anonymity because
of the sensitivity of the talks.

The mediators, from the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe's so-called Minsk Group, will consider the question of more
talks when they meet in early March in Washington.

Nagorno-Karabakh is inside Azerbaijan but populated mostly by ethnic
Armenians, who have run it since an uneasy 1994 cease-fire ended six
years of full-scale war. Sporadic border clashes among heavily armed
villagers on either side continue to kill scores of people a year.
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 PostPosted: Mon Feb 13, 2006 3:39 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Radio Free Europe - Radio Liberty
http://www.armenialiberty.org/armeniareport/report/en/2006/02/1D8FE900-6AD1-4A2C-A261-843386A24ED6.ASP

Monday 13, February 2006

Armenian, Azeri Leaders Dampen Hopes For Karabakh Peace

By Harry Tamrazian in Paris

The presidents of Armenia and Azerbaijan have all but dashed hopes for an imminent resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, failing to reach agreement during two days of intensive negotiations in Paris which international mediators hoped would produce a breakthrough.

The American, French and Russian co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group are due to meet in Washington early next month to discuss the future of the protracted negotiating process that now looks uncertain. They had sounded unusually upbeat about prospects for a peaceful settlement ahead of the summit at the Rambouillet chateau near Paris and did not hide their disappointment with its outcome.

"Despite intense discussions the positions of the parties on certain sensitive principles have remained identical to those they have had over past months," the troika said in a statement issued after the talks ended in failure on Saturday. "However the presidents, who very much appreciated the process under way, have given instructions to their ministers ... to explore new ways for a future settlement," the statement added vaguely.

The mediating team’s U.S. co-chair, Steven Mann, looked weary and exhausted as he spoke with several reporters separately. “There were, I think, good personal atmospherics between the two presidents and the discussions did not result in a substantial change of the positions that the parties have held for months,” he said.

Mann said he and the other two co-chairs -- Bernard
Fassier of France and Yury Merzlyakov of Russia -- will travel to Brussels on Monday to brief the OSCE’s current chairman-in-office, Belgian Foreign Minister Karel de Gucht, on the failed discussions. They will then meet in Washington in early March to decide “in which direction we should move,” added Mann.

“The principal issues have not been resolved, they still need to be negotiated,” Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov told Azerbaijani ANS television on Sunday. “It is not known yet what options will be discussed in the future and whether there will be a need for meetings between the foreign ministers.”

Presidents Ilham Aliev and Robert Kocharian appeared as close to hammering out a framework peace deal as ever while they went into the talks on Friday after meeting separately with French President Jacques Chirac. The latter said through a spokesman afterwards that there is a “chance to lay down the basis of a settlement” at the 14th century formal residence of French monarchs. De Gucht expressed similar hope during a visit to Yerevan and Baku late last month.

A source close to the weekend negotiations told RFE/RL that they collapsed due to disagreements over two key points relating to Karabakh’s future status and a timeframe for Armenian withdrawal from Kelbajar, a mountainous district sandwiched between Karabakh and Armenia proper. The source, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said the Armenians want to continue to control Kelbajar up until a referendum on Karabakh’s status, whereas Aliev insisted on its earlier liberation.

The idea of holding such a referendum in Karabakh was at the heart of the peace formula discussed by the conflicting parties over the past year, and the Azerbaijani side reportedly accepted it in principle. Mammadyarov’s comments suggest, however, that last-minute disagreements blocked agreement on the conflict’s main stumbling block, with Baku apparently insisting on Karabakh’s return under Azerbaijani rule.

“Azerbaijan's territorial integrity should be observed and the displaced persons should return. Nagorno-Karabakh is part of Azerbaijan,” Mammadyarov said. But he added that agreement was reached on seven other unspecified points of the framework accord.

Kocharian and other Armenian officials declined to immediately comment on the situation, heading straight to Paris airport from Rambouillet. Official Yerevan’s first reaction is expected on Tuesday.

The next few weeks should clarify whether the mediators can salvage the formula currently under discussion or will have to again restart the peace process from scratch. They warned earlier that failure to sign a Karabakh accord this year would delay the conflict’s resolution at least until 2009 as both Armenia and Azerbaijan plan to hold national elections in 2007 and 2008.
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 PostPosted: Wed Feb 15, 2006 10:06 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

KARABAGH

Baisse d’espoir dans le réglement du conflit

mercredi 15 février 2006, Mélanie Courtois


http://www.armenews.com/article.php3?id_article=20834

Les présidents arménien et azerbaïdjanais, Robert Kotcharian et Ilham Aliev, espèrent une imminente résolution du conflit de Haut-Karabagh, à défaut d’être parvenu à s’entendre durant les deux jours de négociations intensives à Paris durant lesquels les médiateurs internationaux avaient espéré avancer.
Les co-présidents américain, français et russe du groupe de Minsk de l’OSCE ont prévu de se rencontrer au début du mois prochain pour discuter du prolongement du processus de négociation qui paraît aujourd’hui incertain.
Ils ont ressenti d’inhabituelles réticences quant aux perspectives de trouver une solution au conflit avant le sommet au château de Rambouillet près de Paris, et ils ne cachent pas leur déception quant à l’issu des négociations.
« En dépit d’intenses discussions, les positions des parties sur certains points sensibles sont restées les mêmes que celles des derniers mois », a affirmé la troïka samedi 11 février. « Cependant les présidents ont donné des instructions à leurs ministres pour explorer une nouvelle voie vers un futur accord », a-t-elle ajouté.
Le co-président américain, Steven Mann, a semblé las et énervé. « Il y avait, je pense, une bonne entente entre les deux présidents et les discussions ne sont pourtant pas parvenues à faire évoluer les positions sur lesquelles chacun se repose depuis des mois », a-t-il indiqué.
Steven Mann qui s’est rendu à Bruxelles lundi, accompagné des deux autres co-présidents, le français Bernard Fassier et le russe Yury Merzlyakov, pour informer le responsable de l’OSCE, le ministre belge des Affaires étrangères Karel de Gucht, de l’échec des discussions. Ils se rencontreront de nouveau début mars à Washington pour décider « vers quelle direction nous devrons nous diriger », a expliqué Steven Mann.
« Les principaux points n’ont pas été résolus, ils ont encore besoin d’être négociés » a déclaré dimanche le ministre azerbaïdjanais des Affaires étrangères, Elmar Mammadyarov, à la chaîne de télévision ANS. « Nous ne savons pas encore quelles options seront discutées dans le futur ni s’il y a aura besoin d’une rencontre entre les ministres des Affaires étrangères. »
Les deux chefs d’Etat ne sont jamais parus aussi proches de trouver une solution au conflit que vendredi après leur entrevue avec le président Jacques Chirac. Ce dernier a affirmé qu’il y avait « une chance de fixer les bases d’un accord ». De Gucht a exprimé des espoirs similaires durant une visite à Erevan et Bakou le mois dernier.
Une source proche du dossier a indiqué à RFE/RL que les négociations ont échoué en raison de désaccords sur deux points clés : le futur statut de Karabagh et la date de retrait de l’Arménie de Kelbajar, une région montagneuse situé entre le Karabagh et l’Arménie. La source, qui a souhaité conserver l’anonymat, a indiqué que les Arméniens voulaient continuer à contrôler Kelbajar jusqu’à la tenue du référendum sur le statut de Karabagh, alors qu’Aliev insiste pour que le retrait se fasse plus tôt.
L’idée de tenir un tel référendum au Karabagh était au coeur du processus de paix discuté par les deux parties les années précédentes, et l’Azerbaïdjan avait fini par accepter le principe d’un référendum. Finalement, Bakou est revenu sur sa position et a bloqué l’issu du conflit, en voulant que le Karabagh revienne à l’Azerbaïdjan.
« L’intégrité territorial de l’Azerbaïdjan doit être conservée et les personnes déplacées doivent revenir. Le Haut-Karabagh fait partie de l’Azerbaïdjan », a affirmé Elmar Mammadyarov avant d’ajouter que les désaccords portaient sur sept autre points.
Kotcharian et d’autres officiels arméniens ont éviter tout commentaire à l’issu des négociations à Paris. « Nous n’avons rien de spécial à dire, a affirmé le porte-parole de Kotcharian, Victor Soghomonian. Aujourd’hui, un nouveau cycle de négociations a débuté. Les négociations vont se poursuivre, ce qui est positif. »
La situation devrait se clarifier au cours des prochaines semaines : soit les médiateurs peuvent continuer les discussions sur les bases actuelles, soit ils devront reprendre le processus de paix depuis le début. Mais ils ont averti que si un accord sur le Karabagh échoue encore cette année cela pourrait faire retarder la résolution du conflit à 2009 étant donné que l’Arménie et l’Azerbaïdjan doivent tenir leurs élections nationales respectivement en 2007 et 2008.
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 PostPosted: Fri Mar 03, 2006 11:13 am    Post subject: Kocharian shrugs off Azeri oil factor Reply with quote Back to top

Kocharian Hopes For Karabakh Deal, Shrugs Off Azeri Oil Factor

http://www.armenialiberty.org/armeniareport/report/en/2006/03/9F23BECD-0883-4016-85F8-FB85AD6171D9.ASP

Thursday, March 2, 2006

By Emil Danielyan

President Robert Kocharian said late Wednesday that there is still a chance for a resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, playing down his and his Azerbaijani counterpart Ilham Aliev’s failure to achieve a breakthrough during their crucial talks in France last month.

Kocharian warned at the same time that Azerbaijan’s refusal to make major concessions, signaled by Aliev in recent days, could lead Armenia to formally recognize the self-proclaimed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) as an independent state.

“We will continue to negotiate,” he told Armenian and Karabakh state televisions. “The [upcoming] meeting of the foreign ministers [of Armenia and Azerbaijan] will clarify at what tempo.”

“I think that there is still a chance for moving forward,” he said.

But Kocharian was quick to add that the Armenian side should be prepare for a “worst-case scenario” whereby Armenia would recognize the NKR “de jure,” formalize its “responsibility for the security of the Karabakh people,” and “reinforce the security zone” around the disputed enclave. He said that will happen if Baku continues to reject any peace that would not restore Azerbaijani control over Karabakh and drags out the negotiating process in the hope of converting its soaring oil revenues into military superiority.

Aliev appeared to advocate such a strategy in his most recent public remarks, indicating that Azerbaijani should not rush to make concessions as it will gain a stronger bargaining power over time. He specifically pointed to the ongoing exploitation of his nation’s substantial oil reserves which will reach its peak in the next few years.

“Having oil doesn’t mean having an efficient economy,” countered Kocharian. “On the contrary, world experience shows that the most developed nations don’t have oil.” He said many oil-rich countries have been plagued with enormous corruption and poor governance and Azerbaijani is unlikely to be an exception.

Commenting for the first time on his February 10-11 talks with Aliev at Rambouillet castle near Paris, Kocharian argued that it is widely seen as a failure because of “excessive expectations” fueled by international mediators in the weeks preceding the summit. He said although the two leaders were “quite close” to cutting a framework peace deal, they could not agree on one unspecified “important principle” of the conflict’s resolution.

The Armenian leader went on to implicitly lay the blame on Aliev, pointing to the latter’s claims that time works for Azerbaijan. “Any solution will require difficult decisions from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Karabakh. If you don’t want to display enough political will to make such decisions, then this could be the best justification,” he said.

The uncertain future of the peace process is due to be discussed next week in Washington by the French, Russian and U.S. co-chairs of the OSCE Minsk Group. The meeting is widely expected to be followed by fresh talks between the Armenian and Azerbaijani foreign ministers. In addition, Russia signaled last week its intention to make a separate push for a Karabakh breakthrough, with President Vladimir Putin saying during a visit to Baku that he will soon invite Kocharian Moscow for “consultations” on the problem. Armenian opposition leaders and commentators seized upon the extraordinary move to again blame Kocharian for Russia’s perceived reluctance to treat Armenia as an equal partner.

Kocharian revealed that he and Putin had a phone conversation immediately after the latter’s return to Moscow but did not agree any dates for their proposed meeting on Karabakh. In his words, while in Baku Putin “sincerely” felt that he is one step away from brokering Karabakh peace. “I think the Russian president didn’t even know that his statement could have so much resonance in Armenia,” he said, in what appeared to a thinly rebuke to Moscow.

Kocharian was also asked to comment on the Karabakh Armenians’ growing frustration with their exclusion from Armenian-Azerbaijani peace talks which led NKR President Arkady Ghukasian to call for Yerevan’s withdrawal from further negotiations. While admitting that the NKR’s involvement in the peace process has been “asymmetrical and not full-fledged,” Kocharian insisted that Yerevan has proved able to “protect the interests of the Armenian side much more effectively.” “It is much easier to ignore the interests of unrecognized states than those of recognized ones,” he said.

“You should start worrying only if Armenia’s president avoids shouldering responsibility for your security,” Kocharian added, appealing to Karabakh’s population.
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