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(E-D-F) 24 April 2006

 
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 PostPosted: Mon Apr 24, 2006 1:29 pm    Post subject: (E-D-F) 24 April 2006 Reply with quote Back to top

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Events to commemorate victims of the Armenian Genocide are being held throughout Russia

Read it in Russian

On April 24, Armenians of the whole world commemorate the tragic date – Memorial Day of Genocide of Victims in the Ottoman Turkey in 1915. Mourning events take place both in Armenia and abroad, where there are Armenian Diasporas, including Russia.

According to schedule of the Armenian Consulate General in South Federal District, civil actions in memory of victims of tragic events in 1915 take place; wreaths and flowers were placed to monuments to victims, innocently killed during the tragedy. Officials in Novosibirsk will lay flowers on Armenian Khachkar grave in Pervomaysky Park erected at the expense of the Armenian community in Novosibirsk in memory of victims. Members of the State Duma, Novosibirsk regional and city Councils will take part in the event.

About 100 representatives of Armenian Diaspora in Transbaikalia placed wreaths to Glory Memorial in Chita, and lighted funeral candles at Church of Kazan Icon of the Blessed Virgin. Funeral meeting will finish the mourning events. At Stroitel Palace of National Cultures in Tyumen, evening, devoted to Memorial Day of Genocide Victims, will take place, as well as exhibition, devoted to national heroes; patriotic songs will be sang, poems of Armenian poets will be read, and historical events of 1915 will be described. Also, mourning meeting took place in Izhevsk (Udmurtia) near Peoples Friendship Monument.



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MEMORIAL DAY OF VICTIMS OF ARMENIAN GENOCIDE IN OTTOMAN TURKEY IN 1915 COMMEMORATED ALL OVER THE WORLD TODAY

YEREVAN, April 24. /ARKA/. In April 24, the whole world commemorates the day of victims of the Armenian Genocide in Ottoman Empire, first such large-scale crime in 20th century. On this day in 1915, Turkey began annihilating Armenian intellectual elite and went on with total and utter extermination of Armenians on their historical territory.
This sorrowful date is commemorated not only in Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh but also in other foreign countries by foreign Armenians and friends of the Armenian nation.
At 7 pm (local time), in Armenia, Nagorno-Karabakh and Diaspora a minute of silence will be observed to commemorate innocent victims of Genocide.
Today in Yerevan people will take flowers to the “Tsitsernakaberd” Genocide Memorial. The Memorial will be visited by the RA President, RA Government members and deputies of the RA National Assembly, foreign diplomats and representatives of international organizations, thousands of local inhabitants and representatives of Diaspora.
Today Armenian organizations of Diaspora intend to conduct meetings in front of Turkish Embassies and demand recognition of Armenian Genocide.
After the Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878, the Christian peoples of the Baltic countries threw off the yoke of the Ottoman Empire. By 1912, the Ottoman Empire had lost almost all its territorial possessions in Europe except for Istanbul and its suburbs. As a result, the Armenians of Western Armenia were the largest Christian people that remained under the imperial yoke. To retain power in the Asian part of the territory, the imperial Government set itself the task of violent assimilation or annihilation of Western Armenians that were an obstacle to the formation of a pan-Turkic state.
The consistent policy of destroying Armenians in their historical land was launched in the 90th of the 19th century and reached its climax during World War I, when about 1.5mln fell victim to massacre and deportation, and 350,000 Armenians fled to the Caucasus and Europe. As a result only 150,000 Armenians remained in Turkey of the 2,000,000 that had resided in that country by early 20th century. The reason why Turkish pogrom-makers could easily killed so many Armenians is that the Armenian population and political parties were not prepared for the impending danger of annihilation. However, in some places the Armenian population offered resistance to Turkish vandals. The Van Armenians organized self-defense and successfully rebutted the enemy’s attacks. They succeeded in keeping the city under their control until the arrival of Russian troops and Armenian voluntaries. The Armenians in Shapin Garakhisar, Mush, Sasun, Shatakh offered armed resistance to the enemy that exceeded them in strength many times. The defense of Mount Musa in Suetin lasted for 40 days. Armenians’ self-defense in 1915 is a heroic chapter of the people’s national-liberation struggle.
The immediate mastermind of the Genocide was the Young Turkish party Unity and progress, which was supported by the Government of the Kaiser Germany, the ally of the Ottoman Empire in World Ware I. The organizers of the crime managed to avoid punishment, but the leaders of Young Turks were found and destroyed by Armenian patriots in various parts of the world.
Modern-day Turkey does not consider the events genocide and has not so far admitted this disgraceful fact, denying both the massacre of hundreds of thousands of Armenians and moral, historical and financial responsibility.
In 1965, in Soviet Armenia the movement for recognition of the Armenian Genocide was revived in Armenia, which resulted by the recognition of this fact by 15 countries and international organizations. Most countries recognized the Armenian Genocide after 1998, when this issue was put on the agenda of Armenia’s foreign policy. Over the last few years, the recognition of the Armenian Genocide has been widely advocated, and draft resolutions on the Armenian Genocide have been put on the agenda of Parliaments and international organizations. During the Genocide, the Armenian people was supported by the best representatives of the world intelligentsia: Anatol France, Franz Werfel, Valery Bryusov, Maxim Gorgy, Frittef Nansen and others.
The fact of genocide has been already recognized by many countries, namely Uruguay (first in 1965 officially recognized the Armenian Genocide), Russia, France, Argentina, Greece, Low Chamber of the Italian Parliament, majority of states of the USA, Parliaments of Greece, Cyprus, Argentina, Belgium, Wales, National Council of Switzerland, Chamber of Communities of the Canadian Parliament and Seim of Poland.
The Armenian Genocide in Turkey caused a tremendous damage to the Armenian people’s spiritual and material culture. In 1915-1916 and following years thousands of Armenian manuscripts kept in Armenian monasteries, hundreds of historical and cultural monuments were destroyed, and the people’s holy places were defiled. The destruction of historical and architectural monuments, misappropriation of the Armenian people’s cultural values continues in Turkey now as well. S.P. –0--



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ARMENIAN PM DENOUNCES GENOCIDE MASTERMINDED BY OTTOMAN TURKEY TOP OFFICIALS AS CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY

YEREVAN, April 24. /ARKA/. The Genocide masterminded by Ottoman Turkey top officials, in essence, is a crime against humanity, Armenian Prime Minister Andranik Margaryan said in his national address on 91st anniversary of Armenian Genocide.
Armenian Government press service told ARKA News Agency the premier said in his address that every year on this day Armenians worldwide remember and honor thousands of innocent victims.
Margaryan pointed out that this fact has been left unrecognized and uncondemned long years laying favorable ground for new genocides.
The PM said Armenia considers genocide prevention by displaying international political will a top-priority issue and welcomes many countries joint efforts to resist such crimes.
The premier said Turkey remains adamant in denying facts and suppressing the truth. He thinks this stance taken by Turkey not only hampers good relations in the region and is leaving room for new crimes in atmosphere of impunity.
“Marking 15th anniversary of declaration of Armenia’s independence this year, we realize very clearly that international community’s efforts are not enough to prevent such a thing in the future”, Margaryan said. He finds it necessary to unite the whole national capacity to strengthen Armenia state system with its democratic values.
The 1915-1923 Armenian Genocide orchestrated by Ottoman Turkey’s leadership is the first genocide of XX century. Half a million Armenians were slain in Western Armenia, which was a part of Turkey then.
The fact of Armenian Genocide has been officially admitted by Uruguay, Russia, France, Lower House of Italian Parliament, many of the U.S.A. states, parliaments of Greece, Cyprus, Argentina, Belgium, Wales, Switzerland’s National Committee Canadian Parliament’s Community Chamber and Polish Seim. M.V. -0---





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[img]http://cmsimg.detnews.com/apps/pbcsi.dll/bilde?Site=C3&Date=20060424&Category=OPINION01&ArtNo=604240318&Ref=V2&Profile=1008Q=100&MaxW=500[/img]
Stephane de Sakutin / Agence France-Presse

The Armenian community in France and elsewhere held masses, marches and memorials last year to mark the 90th anniversary of the Armenian genocide in Turkey during the Ottoman Empire.

U.S. must demand Turkey admit Armenian genocide

Vahe Tazian /


A rmenians worldwide today will commemorate the 91st anniversary of the Armenian genocide. This year's remembrance of the massacre of more than 1 million Armenians by the Young Turk government of the Ottoman Empire carries particular significance.

With Turkey's desire for European Union membership looming, international pressure has never been stronger on Turkey to address its own history. And Ankara's political elites have never been so steadfast in furthering the myths used to explain the crime.

There is no better opportunity than now to hold Turkey accountable for the crimes of its culture's past. In December 2005, the ghost of the 1915 Armenian genocide appeared on the European Union scene when French Foreign Minister Michel Barnier announced that Turkey would be expected to recognize the event during EU accession negotiations.

"This is an issue that we will raise during the negotiation process," he said. "We will have about 10 years to do so and the Turks will have about 10 years to ponder their answer."

Perhaps Turkey already has its answer: Blame the victim and employ tactics to confuse and divert attention from the truth.

Turkey has accused Armenians of rebelling during the war, helping the Russians and killing Turks. But no credible evidence supports this contention, and historians, academics and survivors agree what happened to the Armenians in 1915 amounts to genocide.

Recently, Turkish President Ahmet Necdet Sezer said the accusations of genocide are baseless and "upset and hurt the feelings of the Turkish nation," adding, "It is wrong for our European friends to press Turkey on this issue."

Efforts to silence those who speak of the atrocity indicate Turkey's denial campaign. The best-selling Turkish novelist Orhan Pamuk was prosecuted last year for "insulting Turkish identity" by referring to the Armenian genocide in a Swiss newspaper interview.

"One million Armenians and 30,000 Kurds were killed in these lands and nobody but me dares talk about it," Pamuk said.

The charges against Pamuk -- for a crime punishable by up to three years in prison -- were dropped in February after considerable international protest.

Any event relating to the genocide -- film, conference, memorial, publication -- is fought by Turkish embassies, including, in some instances, by mobilizing Turkish immigrant communities.

Such determined efforts by the Turkish government are partly the reason why the Armenian genocide is barely known and has not been formally recognized by so many countries, including the United States.

For too long, the United States has caved to politics, failing to pressure Turkey for fear of upsetting an ally. Yet, its National Archives are filled with thousands of pages documenting the premeditated extermination of Armenians.

Thirty-six states, including California, New York and Michigan, have formally recognized the genocide and more than 170 members of Congress are co-sponsors of the Armenian Genocide Resolution.

Continuing to ignore the occurrence of this human tragedy is acquiescing in Turkey's denial. U.S. lawmakers and the international community should join members of the European Union, demanding Turkey finally recognize the murder of the Armenians as genocide.

The silence that has greeted calls for Armenian Genocide remembrance must be replaced with a global outcry, as was echoed by Henry Morgenthau, U.S. ambassador to Turkey during the genocide.

"My failure to stop the destruction of the Armenians made Turkey for me a place of horror," he said, "and I found intolerable my further daily association with men who ... were still reeking with the blood of nearly a million human beings."

Vahe Tazian is a lawyer who resides in Beverly Hills. Fax letters to (313) 222-6417 and send e-mail to letters@detnews.com.
 
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iminhokis
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 PostPosted: Mon Apr 24, 2006 1:31 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

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Armenian genocide debate continues
By: Matthew Watkins
Issue date: 4/24/06 Section: News





Armenian genocide debate continues

By: Matthew Watkins
Issue date: 4/24/06 Section: News



Susan Gordone discusses photos of her relatives who experienced the Armenian genocide that started in 1915.

Very few would doubt that Armenian-American Susan Gordone's family has suffered. However, what to call the cause of their suffering is a ninety year-old debate.

In 1913, Gordone's grandmother, Rose, was asked by her pregnant mother to help deliver her younger sister. At the time, her whole family lived in Turkey.

"Rose was eight years old. The baby, with its afterbirth, slipped through her hands and died. Three days later, her mother died," said Gordone, who lives in College Station and is a former worker for the Texas A&M theater arts and English departments. "A week later when her father returned, he told the remaining members of the family that they must leave immediately, pack into a wagon or be killed."

Seven years after the death of her mother and sister, Rose traveled to America to escape the danger in her home country.

"But in those seven years, she, along with my Uncle John and Aunt Tervanda, would persevere in the death caravans, watching other family members die along the way before arriving in Ellis Island in 1920," Gordone said.

On Monday, Gordone, along with the Armenian community, will observe the 91st anniversary of the Armenian genocide, which some estimates indicate took the lives of as many as 1.5 million Armenians. However, others, including the Turkish Government, contend that the Armenian genocide never happened.

The events of the Armenian genocide occurred when the Young Turks, who had power over Turkey at the time, relocated or deported the country's Armenian population during World War I. Most of the Armenians were relocated on foot causing many to die of exhaustion or starvation. Most Armenians and many scholars contend that the deaths were genocide.

The Turkish government acknowledges the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Armenians between 1915 and 1917, but says the deaths were the result of a civil war and starvation that affected all members of the Turkish population.

The debate about the events has become so heated that it has sometimes prevented Armenians and Turks from becoming friends at A&M, said Yaman Evrenoglu, a Turkish graduate student in electrical engineering. He said he remembers at least five times when a personal friendship between an Armenian and Turk was halted when the pair's nationality was revealed.

The most recent shake up in the controversy was an hour-long documentary, "The Armenian Genocide," which aired on PBS and told the story of the genocide. The film featured many scholars, some of whom were Turkish, telling the story of death marches in which Armenians were pushed off cliffs, drowned, starved and exhausted. A 25-minute panel discussion about the Turkish involvement in these deaths followed the documentary.

"(The documentary) provides a blatantly one-sided perspective of a tragic and unresolved period of world history," Turkish ambassador to the United States Nabi ?ensoy said in a statement after the documentary's airing. "Its premise is rejected not only by my government, but also by many eminent scholars who have studied the period in question."

Armenians and the myriad of scholars who contend that the genocide is a historical fact said the panel legitimized a view that hatefully refused to acknowledge the genocide.

"Turkish denials of the genocide are part of a state-sponsored policy of propaganda that serves only the interests of Turkey. The historical truth of the Armenian genocide has been established beyond reasonable doubt by abundant documentary and eye-witness evidence from thousands of sources," Vako Nicolian said in an online petition he authored and sent the vice president of programming at PBS.

As of Sunday, the petition has gathered 22,195 signees.

Gordone said she had no problem with the airing of the panel discussion, which featured two scholars on each side of the issue, because it simply revealed the lack of depth to the Turkish government's claims.

"If we are going to pretend that a stateless Christian minority population, unarmed, is somehow in a capacity to kill people in an aggressive way that is tantamount to war, or civil war, we're living in the realm of the absurd," said Peter Balakian, a professor at Colgate University in the debate.

Evrenosoglu said he was more upset about the debate than the documentary.

"The documentary was much more moderate compared to ones that I have witnessed," he said. "It was too biased for us of course, but at least they presented the Turkish government and the Turkish point of view. The debate was a complete disaster because the theme of the debate was not about discussion of the Armenian genocide but why the Turkish government is rejecting it."
 
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 PostPosted: Mon Apr 24, 2006 1:35 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

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Armenia Will Continue Struggle for Genocide Recognition


24.04.2006 20:08 GMT+04:00 Print version Send to mail In Russian In Armenian

/PanARMENIAN.Net/ Armenian President Robert Kocharian addressed the Armenian nation with a statement in view of the 91st anniversary of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire in 1915, reported the RA leader's press office. Robert Kocharian’s statement says in part, “Today we revere the memory of the victims of the Armenian Genocide. The responsibility for this crime lies on Ottoman Turkey and its successor. The Armenian people who survived the carnage felt the consequences of this outrageous crime during their whole life.

The pain strengthens, since we have to struggle for the recognition and condemnation of this black page of history. The Republic of Armenia, as the exponent of the national interests of Armenians living throughout the globe will continue this struggle. We are grateful to the states, organizations and individuals who assist us. This is a problem common to all mankind and its recognition is the most efficient way to prevent such crimes in future.

The struggle of Armenians has no revenge implication. We are looking forward, since our strong state system, prosperity and progress should become the best response to the denial policy.”



Quote:


Armenians Mark ‘Genocide’ at Turkish Embassy in Tbilisi

Civil Georgia, Tbilisi / 2006-04-24 12:32:15


Dozens of representatives of the Armenian community in Georgia gathered on April 24 outside the Turkish Embassy in Tbilisi to demand recognition of slaughter estimated 1,5 million Armenians in 1915-1923 as genocide.

Armenians throughout the world are marking April 24 as a launch of Armenian genocide by Ottoman Turkish government. But Turkey insists that the number of those killed is inflated and the Armenians were victims of World War I and not of genocide.


Quote:

Politics
http://www.interfax.ru/e/B/politics/28.html?menu=1&id_issue=11503242
Apr 24 2006 1:35PM
Yerevan commemorates victims of Armenian genocide in 1915

YEREVAN. April 24 (Interfax) - Yerevan is commemorating the more than 1.5 million Armenians massacred in the Ottoman Empire in 1915.

Armenian officials and average citizens visit the Memorial of the Genocide Victims in Yerevan every April 24.

Yerevan and Ankara still do not have diplomatic relations. Armenian authorities are ready to establish diplomatic relations without any preliminary conditions, but Turkish authorities want Yerevan to stop insisting on the international recognition of the Armenian genocide and make serious concessions to Azerbaijan in the Karabakh settlement.
 
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 PostPosted: Wed Apr 26, 2006 10:18 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

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http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/20060425/turkey_genocide_060425/20060425?hub=World

Turkey blasts PM for Armenian genocide remarks

Updated Tue. Apr. 25 2006 11:25 PM ET

Canadian Press

ANKARA, Turkey -- Turkey on Tuesday criticized Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper for remarks he made in support of recognizing the mass killings of Armenians during the First World War as genocide, and warned that such statements threatened to harm Turkish-Canadian relations.

In a statement on April 21, Harper recalled that Canada's Senate and House of Commons had adopted resolutions recognizing the killings as genocide and said, "I and my party supported those resolutions and continue to recognize them today."

Turkey's Foreign Ministry issued a stern statement saying it "regretted" Harper's remarks over the killings that occurred more than eight decades ago.

"Statements concerning disputed historic events by foreign parliaments or governments nearly a century later will not change the nature of what happened in reality," the statement said.

"Such statements do not contribute to the environment of dialogue between Turkey and Armenia, and have a negative effect on Turkish-Canadian relations," it added. "The stagnation of relations between the two countries after the Canadian Parliament's decision ... is the clearest example of this."

Turkey's Hurriyet newspaper reported Tuesday that Turkey would bar Canadian companies from bidding for the construction of a nuclear power plant that Turkey hopes to build in the Black Sea coastal town of Sinop.

In 2001, Turkey cancelled millions of dollars' worth of defence deals with French companies after legislators in France recognized the genocide.

Armenians say some 1.5 million of their people were killed as the Ottoman Empire forced them from eastern Turkey between 1915 and 1923 in a deliberate campaign of genocide.

Turkey denies it was genocide, saying the death count is inflated and insisting that Armenians were killed or displaced as the Ottoman Empire tried to secure its border with Russia and stop attacks by Armenian militants.

Several other countries, including Argentina, Poland, France and Russia, have declared the killings a genocide, and there is strong pressure from Armenians worldwide for the U.S. Congress to recognize the killings as genocide as well.
 
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 PostPosted: Wed Apr 26, 2006 10:56 am    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

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You Are In: USINFO > Products >Washfile
http://usinfo.state.gov/xarchives/display.html?p=washfile-english&y=2006&m=April&x=200604251049511CJsamohT0.6616022&t=livefeeds/wf-latest.html


25 April 2006
Bush Observes Armenian Remembrance Day, Calls for Dialogue

Also calls on Armenia, Azerbaijan to take bold steps on Nagorno-Karabakh

President Bush observed Armenian Remembrance Day April 24 by offering his condolences to the Armenian people.

On Armenian Remembrance Day, the world observes the anniversary of the “mass killings and forced exile of as many as 1.5 million Armenians” in 1915, Bush said.

The president also praised Armenians and Turks “who have sought to examine the historical events of this time with honesty and sensitivity” and called for dialogues “that strive for a shared understanding of these tragic events and move Armenia and Turkey towards normalized relations.”

Bush also reaffirmed the U.S. commitment to securing a peaceful and lasting settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and said he hoped “the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan will take bold steps to achieve this goal.” (See related article.)

Nagorno-Karabakh is a predominantly ethnic Armenian region within Azerbaijan where armed conflict began in 1990 in the waning days of the Soviet Union. The cease-fire agreement brokered by Russia in 1994 left much of western Azerbaijan occupied by Armenian forces and hundreds of thousands in refugee camps.

For information on U.S. policy in the region, see Europe and Eurasia and Caucasus.

Following is the text of Bush’s statement:

(begin text)

THE WHITE HOUSE
Office of the Press Secretary
(Las Vegas, Nevada)

April 24, 2006

Today, we remember one of the horrible tragedies of the 20th century -- the mass killings and forced exile of as many as 1.5 million Armenians in the final days of the Ottoman Empire in 1915. This was a tragedy for all humanity and one that we and the world must never forget.

We mourn this terrible chapter of history and recognize that it remains a source of pain for people in Armenia and for all those who believe in freedom, tolerance, and the dignity and value of every human life. It is a credit to the human spirit and generations of Armenians who live in Armenia, America, and around the globe that they have overcome this suffering and proudly preserved their centuries-old culture, traditions, and religion.

We praise the individuals in Armenia and Turkey who have sought to examine the historical events of this time with honesty and sensitivity. The analysis by the International Center for Transitional Justice, while not the final word, has made a significant contribution toward deepening our understanding of these events. We encourage dialogues, including through joint commissions, that strive for a shared understanding of these tragic events and move Armenia and Turkey towards normalized relations.

Today, we look with hope to a bright future for Armenia. Armenia's Millennium Challenge Compact reflects our confidence and the importance we place in Armenia making progress on democratic reform and advancement of free markets. We seek to help Armenia bolster its security and deepen its inclusion in the Euro-Atlantic family. We remain committed to securing a peaceful and lasting settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict and hope the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan will take bold steps to achieve this goal.

On this solemn day of remembrance, Laura and I express our deepest condolences to the Armenian people. Our nations stand together, determined to create a future of peace, prosperity, and freedom for the citizens of our countries and the world.

GEORGE W. BUSH

(end text)

(Distributed by the Bureau of International Information Programs, U.S. Department of State. Web site: http://usinfo.state.gov)
 
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