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USA: House Committee Approves Armenian Genocide Resolution

 
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ibeceroyin



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 PostPosted: Wed Oct 10, 2007 10:55 pm    Post subject: USA: House Committee Approves Armenian Genocide Resolution Reply with quote Back to top

10 October 2007 | Huliq.com



Justice prevails and the U.S. House Committee of Foreign Affairs adopts the H. Res. 106 resolution recognizing the events of 1915-1920 in Eastern Turkey as an act of genocide known as the Armenian Genocide.

In an opening statement chairman Lantos noted "Henry Morgenthau, the U.S. Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire at the time of the atrocities, wrote -- and I am quoting -- “I am confident that the whole history of the human race contains no such horrible episode as this. The great massacres and persecutions of the past seem almost insignificant when compared with the sufferings of the Armenian race in 1915.”

This resolution recognizing the Armenian Genocide is a great act of justice and a milestone in preventing future genocides.

ntroduced on January 30th by Rep. Adam Schiff along with Representative George Radanovich (R-CA), Congressional Armenian Caucus Co-Chairs Frank Pallone (D-NJ) and Joe Knollenberg (R-MI), Rep. Anna Eshoo (D-CA), Rep. Brad Sherman (D-CA) and Rep. Thaddeus McCotter (R-MI), the Armenian Genocide resolution calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide. The resolution is cosponsored by 226 Members of Congress from 39 states. A similar resolution in the Senate (S.Res.106), introduced by Assistant Majority Leader Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Sen. John Ensign (R-NV) currently has 31 cosponsors, including Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) and presidential candidate Hillary Clinton (D-NY).

Over the past nine months, Armenian Americans and human rights advocates have joined with Members of Congress in educating their colleagues about the Armenian Genocide and the importance of proper recognition of this crime against humanity. The ANCA has mounted several national grassroots initiatives including the highly successful “Click for Justice” and “Call for Justice” campaigns as well as the “End the Cycle of Genocide” Advocacy Days, cosponsored with the Genocide Intervention Network.

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wizard
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 PostPosted: Thu Oct 11, 2007 12:16 pm    Post subject: See also Reply with quote Back to top

See also this article
 
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wizard
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 PostPosted: Thu Oct 11, 2007 12:24 pm    Post subject: RSR| Le génocide arménien reconnu aux USA? Reply with quote Back to top

11 octobre 2007 | RSR | Lausanne

Le génocide arménien reconnu aux USA ?

Le Congrès américain a fait mercredi un premier pas vers la reconnaissance d'un "génocide" arménien au début du 20ème siècle, ignorant les mises en garde de la Turquie et l'hostilité de G.W.Bush à un texte qui mettrait en danger la mission irakienne.

Une commission de la Chambre des représentants a approuvé un texte qui reconnaît comme un "génocide" la mort de plusieurs centaines de milliers d'Arméniens après 1915 sous l'Empire ottoman. Le texte, adopté par 27 voix contre 21, doit à présent être envoyé à la Chambre pour un possible vote en séance plénière.
Le département d'Etat très ennuyé

Le département d'Etat a réagi en faisant part de sa "déception" par la voix du secrétaire d'Etat adjoint Nick Burns, qui a souligné que la Turquie était "l'un des alliés les plus appréciés et importants des Etats-Unis".

"Je vais appeler l'ambassadeur de Turquie dans la minute, la secrétaire (d'Etat Condoleezza) Rice va appeler les dirigeants turcs dès demain matin" pour leur dire à quel point l'administration américaine désapprouve ce texte, a-t-il dit. Cette résolution "ne peut qu'envenimer les relations entre les Etats-Unis et la Turquie et les intérêts américains en Europe et au Moyen-Orient", a souligné le porte-parole du département d'Etat Sean McCormack.
Opération en Irak compromise

Les Etats-Unis feraient face à "un affaiblissement significatif de leur partenariat avec un allié très important dans cette région", avait averti avant le vote le Premier ministre turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan. Le texte "causerait un tort considérable à nos relations avec un allié crucial au sein de l'Otan et dans la guerre mondiale contre le terrorisme", a abondé George W.Bush.

Condoleezza Rice et le secrétaire américain à la Défense Robert Gates ont été plus explicites: les opérations en Irak et leur ravitaillement risqueraient d'être sévèrement affectés par les possibles représailles diplomatiques turques. Or le texte paraît devoir rallier la majorité de la Chambre, où les adversaires démocrates de George W.Bush sont majoritaires.
Pour Abdullah Gül, ce texte est « inacceptable »

Le président turc Abdullah Gül a jugé "inacceptable", jeudi, la résolution qualifiant de "génocide" les massacres d'Arméniens par les Turcs en 1915. "Malheureusement, quelques responsables politiques des Etats-Unis d'Amérique ont fait la sourde oreille aux appels à la raison", a déclaré le président turc, cité par l'agence anatolienne de presse, en accusant ces derniers d'avoir sacrifié de graves problèmes à leurs "petites manoeuvres politiciennes".

"Comme pour d'autres résolutions par le passé, le peuple turc n'accordera aucune validité ni aucune valeur à cette décision inacceptable de la commission", a-t-il ajouté.

SUR CE SUJET

Radio RSR

* La Turquie refuse d'entendre parler de génocide pour qualifier les massacres et déportations d'Arméniens entre 1915 et 1917 dans les dernières années de l'Empire ottoman, auquel a succédé en 1923 la République de Turquie.

* Selon les Arméniens, le "génocide" a fait plus de 1,5 million de morts.

* La Turquie reconnaît la réalité de massacres et la mort de 250.000 à 500.000 personnes, mais dit que les Turcs ont également été victimes par dizaines de milliers du chaos sévissant dans les dernières années de l'Empire ottoman.

* Plusieurs gouvernements, Parlements, organisations et de nombreux Etats américains reconnaissent officiellement un génocide.

* L'administration américaine, assurant qu'il ne s'agissait pas d'ignorer les "souffrances tragiques" endurées par les Arméniens, a souligné qu'il existait d'autres manières de régler ce litige majeur entre l'Arménie et la Turquie.

* Les Etats-Unis craignent en particulier que la Turquie cesse de mettre à disposition la base aérienne d'Incirlik (sud), plaque tournante du transit américain vers l'Irak ou l'Afghanistan.

* M. Gates a souligné la "forte dépendance" américaine envers la Turquie par où transitent 70% du ravitaillement aérien destiné à l'Irak, un tiers du carburant et 95% des engins blindés contre les explosifs, vitaux pour les soldats américains.

Lien original RSR 2007 © SRG SSR idée suisse
 
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iminhokis
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 PostPosted: Thu Oct 11, 2007 3:32 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

Quote:


CDU/CSU - Bundestagsfraktion
Pressemappe: http://www.presseportal.de/pm/7846

Pressekontakt:
CDU/CSU - Bundestagsfraktion
Pressestelle
Telefon: (030) 227-52360
Fax: (030) 227-56660
Internet: http://www.cducsu.de
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11.10.2007

Steinbach: Armenien-Resolution des US-Kongresses richtungsweisend


Berlin (ots) - Die Sprecherin für Menschenrechte und Humanitäre Hilfe der CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion, Erika Steinbach MdB, erklärt anlässlich der Resolution des US-Kongresses zu Armenien vom 10. Oktober 2007:


Während des Ersten Weltkrieges sind bei Massakern, Vertreibungen und Todesmärschen im damaligen Osmanischen Reich laut armenischen Angaben mehr als 1,5 Millionen Menschen ums Leben gekommen.

Die Nachkommen der überlebenden Opfer fordern seit Jahren eine angemessene Erinnerung und die Aufarbeitung durch die Türkei. Dem verweigern sich bislang alle türkischen Regierungen.

Daher ist es ausdrücklich zu begrüßen, dass der Auswärtige Ausschuss des amerikanischen Repräsentantenhauses eine Resolution beschlossen hat, nach der die Verfolgung und Vertreibung der Armenierzwischen 1915 und 1917 im Osmanischen Reich als "Völkermord" eingestuft wird. Die Mitglieder des Komitees verabschiedeten die Entschließung mit 27 zu 21 Stimmen, welche nun dem Kongress für eine Abstimmung vorgelegt werden soll. Eine Mehrheit der Abgeordneten hat bereits ihre Unterstützung angekündigt.

Die CDU/CSU-Bundestagsfraktion teilt die seit Jahren im US-Kongress bestehenden Bestrebungen, die Armenier-Massaker als Völkermord anzuerkennen und hält deshalb die Resolution für richtungsweisend, auch diesen Genozid endlich als solchen zu ächten.
 
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wizard
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 PostPosted: Thu Oct 11, 2007 4:53 pm    Post subject: BBC| Bill recognising the genocid of Armenians Reply with quote Back to top

October 11, 2007 | BBC

ERDOGAN & GUL FURIOUS AS U.S. BILL ON ARMENIAN GENOCIDE MOVES FORWARD, WHILE TURKISH ARMY REVS ITS WAR MACHINE TO INVADE NORTHERN IRAQ

A bill recognising the killing of Armenians in Ottoman times as genocide has cleared its first hurdle in the US Congress despite Turkish warnings.

It passed through the House Foreign Affairs Committee by 27 votes to 21 - the first step towards holding a vote in the House of Representatives.
Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan had warned the bill's success would "significantly weaken" relations.
President George W Bush had urged US legislators not to pass it.
A spokesperson for the National Security Council told the BBC that the White House was "very disappointed" by the outcome of the vote.
Turkey is a regional operational hub for the US military, which uses its airspace to supply US forces in Iraq.

'Sobering'

The result means that only a change of heart by the opposition Democrats, who control Congress, can now stop a full vote.
Divisions within the Foreign Affairs Committee crossed party lines with eight Democrats voting against the measure and eight Republicans voting for it.
Tom Lantos, the committee's chairman, had opened the debate by admitting the resolution posed a "sobering" choice.
"We have to weigh the desire to express our solidarity with the Armenian people... against the risk that it could cause young men and women in the uniform of the United States armed services to pay an even heavier price than they are currently paying," he said.
Mr Lantos, himself a survivor of the Jewish Holocaust, said he would introduce a resolution praising US-Turkish friendship next week, according to AFP news agency.
The Senate Foreign Relations Committee is expected to take up their version of the resolution in the future.
______________________________________________

BUSH WARNS AGAINST ARMENIAN BILL

President George W Bush has urged US legislators not to pass a resolution declaring the killing of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire to be genocide.
"This resolution is not the right response to these historic mass killings," he said hours before a vote by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
Such a move, already taken by France's parliament, would do "great harm" to US relations with Turkey, Mr Bush added.
Turkey disputes the causes of the 1915-1917 killings.
Armenia alleges that up to 1.5 million Armenians were killed in an organised campaign to force them out of what is now eastern Turkey.
That is strongly denied by Turkey, which says that large numbers of both Turks and Armenians were killed in the chaos surrounding World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire when Armenians rose up.
It is highly unusual for the White House to make such a dramatic last-minute intervention in Congressional business, the BBC's Justin Webb reports from Washington.

With the opposition Democrats now in charge in Congress, they could force a vote, dealing a potentially grave blow to the Bush administration's efforts to keep Turkey on side, our correspondent adds.

Turkish indignation
Speaking before Mr Bush, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said the passing of the resolution would be "very problematic" for US policy in the Middle East.
It could, she added, destabilise US efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan because Turkey is a main hub for US military operations in the region.
Even if it passes and is then adopted by the House, the bill will not be binding.But the BBC's Sarah Rainsford, in Istanbul, says that this will have little impact on the reaction in Turkey.
Ankara has pulled out all the stops to prevent the genocide resolution reaching Congress for a vote, she adds.
Politicians have travelled to Washington to lobby lawmakers, while the country's prime minister and president have both contacted Mr Bush.
Turkish President Abdullah Gul warned of "serious problems that will emerge in bilateral relations if the bill is adopted".
All this comes on top of mounting anger that the US is not doing enough to counter the Kurdish separatist PKK group, which mounts deadly attacks on Turkey from inside Iraq, our correspondent says.
Some Turkish analysts believe the passing of the resolution would make it harder for the Turkish government to resist public pressure to cross the border.

Armenian pressure
It is still extremely difficult to establish a set of undisputed facts about what happened in eastern Anatolia almost a century ago, the BBC's regional analyst Pam O'Toole says.
But the issue has been kept alive by the powerful Armenian diaspora.
Last year, the lower house of the French parliament declared the killings a genocide.
Ankara argues that there were massacres by both sides at the time but completely rejects the allegation that there was a state policy to kill Armenians.
Some Turks fear if those events are recognised as genocide, that could open the door to claims for compensation or even territory, our analyst says.
 
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iminhokis
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 PostPosted: Fri Oct 12, 2007 12:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote Back to top

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Thu., October 11, 2007
By Yossi Sarid
Source: haaretz.com


Turkey and the Armenians / Today's denial is tomorrow's holocaust


Congressman Adam Schiff, who proposed the resolution to name the Armenian massacre a genocide, is Jewish. The Jewish nation should be grateful for Schiff's initiative, for he has saved Jewish honor in America, Israel and everywhere. He restored our humane image, in contrast to the cynics and genocide deniers who are forever demanding payment for being perpetual victims.


Congressman Schiff is following in the footsteps of another Jew, Henry Morgenthau, who served as U.S. ambassador in Turkey in those days. He called the massacre "the greatest crime in modern history."


Schiff is also the student of another Jew, Franz Werfel, who on his way to the Land of Israel stopped in Damascus and was appalled to see "the starving, mutilated and sick Armenian refugee children." He published the novel "The Forty Days of Musa Dagh" (1933), which shocked the world.

In 1918 Shmuel Talkovsky, then secretary of Haim Weizmann, wrote with Weizmann's approval: "Is there any nation whose fate is more similar to ours than the Armenians?"

But in Israel today there are Jews who are less than Jewish and Zionists who are less than Zionist - including heads of state and heads of government. Denying another nation's Holocaust is no less ugly than denying ours. It is also dangerous. Today's denial is tomorrow's Holocaust. The Armenian genocide wasn't the first in this era. The German imperial army slaughtered 100,000 Namibians in 1904. In 1915, the Armenian genocide began; the Ottomans killed 1.5 million of them in various ways. If the world had risen up in protest against the genocide of the Namibians and Armenians, the Holocaust of the Jews might also have been averted. This is not a mere assumption; it's probably a fact. A week before invading Poland, Hitler addressed his officers (August 24, 1939): "It's a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me ... I have ordered my Death-Head Formation to kill mercilessly and without compassion men, women and children of Polish derivation and language. Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?"

Such was Hitler's calming message to his troops.

The next time some Israel hater - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, for example - denies the Jewish Holocaust, and we raise a hue and cry about it, there will be some self-righteous Gentiles ready to say, "You're right, but we have our own Turkeys."

As natural and historic victims, we should be the ones to spread the message from one end of the world to another: what happened to us can happen again, to us and to the people of Rwanda, Bosnia, Cambodia, Sudan, Burma.

There is no need to compare between holocausts to recognize other nations' suffering.
 
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