Joined: 25 Oct 2003
| Posted: Fri Apr 16, 2004 3:54 pm Post subject: [E] Armenian: Panic And Mass Arrests As Opposition Protest
|Raffi Kojian <firstname.lastname@example.org> | April 14, 2004
This email is a call to action of sorts. It was written with other repatriates out of frustration with the events going on here, the desire to make a change, and to not allow these events to pass without a strong reaction from the Diaspora. We always ask what the Diaspora can possibly do to influence the government here. This is our stand, this is our attempt to try to make that influence felt. How? We would like to see individuals and organizations alike - across the Diaspora - make public statements about the human rights abuses going on. We would like to see them encourage others to make the same sorts of strong statements, and we want EVERYONE who comes into ANY contact with ANY government official of Armenia to bring this issue up and beat it home. We WILL NOT stand for this kind of government abuse of human rights in Armenia. Please read on to see what I am talking about, and copy this entire text and pass it on in a massive email education/action campaign. We will all be sending this out individually, but are speaking with one voice. The President of Armenia, rather than condemn these actions, has promised to repeat them. We need to promise to do everything in our power to prevent this.
Finally I would like to emphasize that I do not support either side in their struggle for power. I merely cannot stand by and watch people beaten senseless by their own government when they are completely peaceful.
Armenia is facing an immediate human rights crisis
In the course of the last few days, following a series of peaceful demonstrations in Yerevan organized by the political opposition, political activists, journalists, and bystanders have been subjected to severe human rights abuses, culminating in a brutal attack on peaceful demonstrators on Monday night/Tuesday early morning in the heart of Yerevan. Contrary to official accounts, national and riot police, as well as special force officers, in an effort to suppress and terrorize the demonstrators, attacked and hunted down protestors from all sides, often blocking escape routes, and chasing people into building stairwells, courtyards, and alleyways.
According to emails and reports from outside and inside Armenia, there seem to be significant gaps in the quality and quantity of information on the events. As Diasporans living in Armenia, we felt the necessity to share with you select news items on the occurrences in Armenia, with the hope that you will share this information with all those concerned with Armenia and human rights.
For first-hand eyewitness accounts, continuing developments, and latest news, please check:
RFE/RL | Emil Danielyan and Hrach Melkumian | Tuesday 13, April 2004 | www.armenialiberty.org
Four Armenian Journalists Beaten Up By Police
Police brutality reached a new height in Armenia on Tuesday when four journalists covering the heavy-handed government response to an opposition demonstration were beaten up and badly injured by security forces.
Panic And Mass Arrests As Opposition Protest Suppressed
Armenia's opposition faced the worst ever government crackdown in the early hours of Tuesday after its peaceful demonstration in Yerevan was brutally dispersed by security forces using water cannons and stun grenades.
Thousands of people ran away in panic after being suddenly attacked by what appeared to be special baton-wielding police units. Scores of them were badly injured in the chaotic scenes. More precise information on the casualties was not immediately known.
The offices of the main opposition parties were reportedly ransacked and dozens of their activists arrested. At least three members of parliament affiliated with the Artarutyun alliance and the National Unity Party were said to be among them. And the editor of a leading pro-opposition newspaper, "Haykakan Zhamanak," said one of his reporters, Avetis Babajanian, disappeared while another one, Hayk Gevorgian, was in intensive care in hospital after being beaten up by the police.
The violent showdown put an end to an eight-hour standoff between the demonstrators and the security forces on the city's Marshal Baghramian Avenue leading to President Robert Kocharian's residence. Some 15,000 protesters marched towards the presidential palace from Freedom Square but were stopped by hundreds of riot police and interior troops. They did not attempt to break through the security barrier.
Tension eased as the protest, seen as the culmination of the opposition campaign for Kocharian's resignation, turned into an open-air festivity, with jubilant participants dancing to pop and folk music tunes that blared through loudspeakers. There were still between 2,000 and 3,000 people on the scene at two o'clock in the morning when the attack began from at least two directions.
Deafening stun grenade explosions and jets of water quickly spread a panic after the police began indiscriminately beating the protesters. Some of them tried to fight back but were quickly overpowered by the advancing force helped by darkness. The grenades continued to be fired at the crowd even while it fled down the street only to be confronted by other police forces at the nearest intersection.
One man screamed in pain after being directly hit by a grenade. An eyewitness said a large group of police officers beat two fleeing protesters about 200 meters away from Baghramian Avenue.
Deprived of a safe retreat path, the opposition supporters ran chaotically in various directions, sneaking into smaller streets crossing Baghramian Avenue and their courtyards. About 30 people, among them two RFE/RL correspondents, scaled a wall to find refuge in the garden of a private house.
"They hit me with a truncheon and pumped gas," said a young man with a bloodied face and a blanket wrapped around his body. "There were no soldiers among the attackers. They were all special police with red berets."
Another man, a 56-year-old villager, also had ghastly wounds on his face. He said he was toppled and kicked by three security officers.
"They were hitting so hard. What they did was shameful," an elderly woman recounted, crying.
The opposition supporters, too scared to speak loudly, were joined by AMK leader Artashes Geghamian and Artarutyun's Aram Sarkisian moments later. The two bitter opponents of Kocharian were accompanied by a handful of bodyguards. They both described as "barbaric" the authorities' response to the demonstrations and vowed to continue their campaign for regime change.
"I can say for certain that in this situation Mr. Kocharian will be unable to govern. It is impossible to break the people's will with truncheons," Geghamian told RFE/RL. "The people once again saw what the authorities are capable of."
"This once again proved that Kocharian can not stay in this country and must go," Sarkisian said for his part.
Both leaders said they were hit by the police. The third top opposition leader, Stepan Demirchian, was also in the crowd but escaped unscathed. According to Demirchian, "many" demonstrators were hospitalized with serious injuries.
Geghamian, Sarkisian and the rest of the fugitive group were then invited into the house by the hosts for safety reasons. Police cars, meanwhile, could be heard racing through the city center. Shocked and exhausted, the people sat there silently, hoping to leave the hideout after dawn. One of them, a villager from the northwestern region of Shirak, helped these correspondents find a safe way back to the newsroom.
he meantime, police broke into the AMK headquarters, located across the street from RFE/RL's Yerevan bureau, arresting several people, including Geghamian's deputy Aleskan Karapetian. Similar raids were reported by Sarkisian's Hanrapetutyun Party and Demirchian's People's Party (HZhK). They said the police smashed office equipment and took away dozens of activists.
Apart from Karapetian, at least two other opposition lawmakers, Vartan Mkrtchian and Shavarsh Kocharian, were in police custody. Kocharian (no relation to the Armenian president) spoke with RFE/RL from a police van parked inside the parliament compound which also lies on Baghramian Avenue.
A police spokesman rejected the arrest numbers cited by the opposition as a fraud, but refused to provide any official figures. He said the information could be released later in the day. There were also no official statements explaining the excessive use of force.
Some of the opposition leaders said the crackdown will not stop the campaign of demonstrations. "We will definitely hold more rallies," Sarkisian said. "I think entire Armenia will rise up. Kocharian has only accelerated his departure."
However, Freedom Square, the main venue for the opposition rallies, was filled with scores of police officers and vehicles shortly after midnight and is unlikely to be available for further anti-Kocharian gatherings.